Windows DatabaseebooksStatistical Information

LWE10252 : How to install active directory on a windows server 2003

Symptom:

--

Cause:

You want to set up your own active directory Windows server.

Solution:

Requirements:
     Properly configured TCP/IP (IP address, subnet mask, default gateway)
     A network connection
     An operational DNS server
     A Domain name that you want to use
     The Windows Server 2003 CD media

 

Step 1: Configure the computer's suffix

-Right click My Computer and choose Properties.
-Click the Computer Name tab, then Change.
-Set the computer's NetBIOS name. Click More.
-In the Primary DNS suffix of this computer box enter the would-be domain name.Click Ok.
-You'll get a warning window. Click ok.
-Check your settings. Click ok.
-You'll get a warning window.Click Ok to restart.
 

Step 2: Configuring the computer's TCP/IP settings

-Click Start, point to Settings and then click Control Panel.
-Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections.
-Right-click Local Area Connection, and then click Properties.
-Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and then click Properties.
-Assign this server a static IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address.
-Click Advanced. Click the DNS Tab.
-Select "Append primary and connection specific DNS suffixes"
-Check "Append parent suffixes of the primary DNS suffix"
-Check "Register this connection's addresses in DNS".
-Click OK to close the Advanced TCP/IP Settings properties.
-Click OK to accept the changes to your TCP/IP configuration.
-Click OK to close the Local Area Connections properties.

 Step 3: Configure the DNS Zone

3.1 Creating a Standard Primary Forward Lookup Zone

-Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click DNS Manager.
-Right click Forward Lookup Zones and choose to add a new zone. Click Next.
-Click Primary and then click Next.
-The name of the zone must be the same as the name of the Active Directory domain, or be a logical DNS container for that name.Type the name of the zone, and then click Next.
-Accept the default name for the new zone file. Click Next.
-To be able to accept dynamic updates to this new zone, click "Allow both nonsecure and secure dynamic updates". Click Next.
-Click Finish

Note: To check if your Server registered itself in the new zone type ipconfig /registerdns at a command promt. When you go back to the dns console and open the new zone, the computer should now be listed in the right pane.

 -For internet connections you have to activate the DNS forwarding
-Start the DNS Management Console.
-Right click the DNS Server object for your server in the left pane of the console, and click Properties.
-Click the Forwarders tab.
-In the IP address box enter the IP address of the DNS servers you want to forward queries to (normally the DNS server of your ISP). Click OK.

3.2 Creating a Standard Primary Reverse Lookup Zone

-See 3.1. The zone's name will be the same as your TCP/IP Network ID.
-You should also configure the new zone to accept dynamic updates.

Step 4: DCPROMO

-Click Start, point to Run and type "dcpromo".
-Click Next. Click Next.
-Choose Domain Controller for a new domain and click Next.
-Choose Create a new Domain in a new forest and click Next.
-Enter the full DNS name of the new domain. This must be the same as the DNS zone you've created in step 3 and the same as the computer name suffix you've created in step 1. Click Next.
-Accept the the down-level NetBIOS domain name. Click Next
-Accept the Database and Log file location dialog box.Click next.
-Accept the Sysvol folder location dialog box . Click next.
-Click next.
-Accept the Permissions. Click next.
-Enter the Restore Mode administrator's password. Click next.
-Review your settings and if everything is ok click Next.
-See the wizard going through the various stages of installing AD.
-Click Finish.
-You must reboot in order for the AD to function properly. click restart.

 

Step 5: Checking the AD installation

-See if the AD management tools are installed (under the Administrative Tools folder)
-Run Active Directory Users and Computers to check if there are all OUs and Containers.
-Run Active Directory Sites and Services to see a site named Default-First-Site-Name, and that your server is listed.
-Check to see if you have the SYSVOL and NETLOGON shares, and their location.


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